BY: Dr. moosa Elayah & ms .mai aglan
An Analytical Report Published by the Centre For Governance and Peace-building-Yemen, inCollaboration with Centre for International Development Issues Nijmegen, The Netherlands
In a new attempt to get Yemen out of its ongoing war, in 13 February 2018, Briton Martin Griffiths has been appointed as a new UN envoy to Yemen, succeeding the former UN envoy Ismail Ould Cheikh, who was appointed on April 25, 2015 and announced his resignation in February 2018
Ould Cheikh had replaced Jamal Ben Omar, who resigned in April 2015 after four years as Yemen’s special envoy. Martin Griffiths is the first Western UN envoy to Yemen, unlike his predecessors. Based on Griffiths’s personal experience, there are new hopes in activating the international mediation efforts to resolve one of the most intractable and tragic crises in the Arab region. The main question to be addressed in this report is: What does it mean to appoint an international envoy of Western origins to the course of the current Yemeni crisis and whether the Western UN envoy will succeed in resolving the peace negotiations in Yemen and thus reaching peace; and to which extent the Yemini conflicting factions will accept the Western UN envoy at the negotiating table
The conflict in Yemen has become more intractable and violent. The devastation caused by this conflict is currently a major challenge to international peace and security. It is therefore necessary to emphasize the importance of a viable mechanism that is compatible with the complexities of the regional and local environment in order to end up the war and to achieve national reconciliation and peace-building in this defeated country
Since the outbreak of the Arab Spring in 2011, and the emergence of conflicts over power, the United Nations has always played and still playing an important role in peacekeeping and peacebuilding processes. However, the UN faced and still facing multiple dilemmas and diverse problems in the negotiation processes. This situation is requiring urgent and positive adjustments and strategy to effectively manage the multilateral peace negotiations in the Arab spring countries.
In this report, we will present some of the challenges that have hampered the United Nations and its former envoys, which may hinder its new Western envoy to Yemen
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